Intellectual Property Policy

Intel public policy: How Intel promotes innovation worldwide

Intel owns approximately 70,000 patent assets worldwide. Innovation, and the intellectual property (IP) that underlines it, are central to our business. Intel believes that a balanced, fair approach to IP systems is the best way to incentivize innovation. Intel's objective is to achieve balanced protection and enforcement for intellectual property—including patents, copyrights, and trade secrets—globally.

Key Issues

  • A balanced patent system spurs innovation by rewarding individuals who put the public in full possession of new ideas. That reward is unjustified when individuals fail to describe fully or clearly claim their invention with vague and ambiguous patents. Further, rewards must be apportioned based on the patented technology's actual contribution to the product because over-compensation harms the patent system as much as under-compensation. Abusive litigation practices that exploit weaknesses in our laws and procedures to obtain excessive rewards waste limited government and industry resources, legitimate tax innovation, and undermine the patent system.
  • Maintaining balance in patent systems requires those systems to evolve and adapt to significant evolutions in innovation dynamics and ecosystems. Many of today’s high-tech products combine multiple independent innovations into complex, highly integrated products and services, increasing the need to calibrate rewards and enforcement to achieve proportionate results.
  • Failing to abide by voluntary fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) commitments made to standard-setting organizations is one form of abusive patent litigation practices. The widespread adoption of standardized technology can drive innovation and provide significant benefits to consumers. However, once a standard becomes widely adopted (to the point that it is essential for products to incorporate it), the temptation to hold up "locked-in" implementers and users for unreasonable royalties is great. Thus, participants in standard-setting activities must abide by the commitments they gave voluntarily during the standard-setting work and grant licenses on a reasonable and non-discriminatory basis.
  • Trade secrets are vital to maintaining companies’ competitiveness. Studies estimate that trade secrets can comprise up to 80 percent of a company's value, and that "know-how" is vital to securing economic growth and jobs. Trade secret theft, particularly from foreign sources, is a high risk to economies’ competitiveness.