Intel® Itanium® Processor 9000 and 9100 Series Datasheet
The dual-core Intel® Itanium® processor 9000 and 9100 series employs Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC) design concepts for a tighter coupling between hardware and software. In this design style, the interface between hardware and software is engineered to enable the software to exploit all available compile-time information and efficiently deliver this information to the hardware. It addresses several fundamental performance bottlenecks in modern computers, such as memory latency, memory address disambiguation, and control flow dependencies. The EPIC constructs provide powerful architectural semantics and enable the software to make global optimizations across a large scheduling scope, thereby exposing available Instruction Level Parallelism (ILP) to the hardware. The hardware takes advantage of this enhanced ILP, and provides abundant execution resources. Additionally, it focuses on dynamic run-time optimizations to enable the compiled code schedule to flow at high throughput. This strategy increases the synergy between hardware and software, and leads to greater overall performance.
The Dual-Core Intel Itanium processor 9000 and 9100 series provides a 6-wide and 8-stage deep pipeline, running at up to 1.6 GHz. This provides a combination of abundant resources to exploit ILP as well as increased frequency for minimizing the latency of each instruction. The resources consist of six integer units, six multimedia units, two load and two store units, three branch units, two extended-precision floating-point units, and one additional single-precision floating-point unit per core. The hardware employs dynamic prefetch, branch prediction, a register scoreboard, and non-blocking caches to optimize for compile-time non-determinism. Three levels of on-die cache minimize overall memory latency. This includes up to a 24 MB L3 cache, accessed at core speed, providing up to 8.53 GB/sec. of data bandwidth. The system bus is designed to support up to four physical processors (on a single system bus), and can be used as an effective building block for very large systems. The balanced core and memory subsystem provide high performance for a wide range of applications ranging from commercial workloads to high-performance technical computing.
Read the full Intel® Itanium® Processor 9000 and 9100 Series Datasheet.